Coronavirus (COVID-19) Guidelines - Updated 23rd March 2020
First published 27/01/20. Last updated 09/03/20.
Credit: Evans Vanodine Plc
Following the outbreak of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Wuhan, you will find detailed guidance on the Public Health England (PHE) website:
The guidance outlines infection prevention and control advice for healthcare providers assessing possible cases of WN-CoV. Must be used in conjunction with local policies.
The guidance on the PHE website will remain under review as further scientific information is published about WN-CoV.
The recently identified Wuhan novel coronavirus (WN-CoV) belongs to a large family of viruses with some causing a less-severe disease, such as the common cold, and others causing a more-severe disease such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronaviruses.
Coronaviruses are mainly transmitted by large respiratory droplets and direct or indirect contact with infected secretions. They have also been detected in blood, faeces and urine and, under certain circumstances, airborne transmission is thought to have occurred from aerosolised respiratory secretions and faecal material.
Sensitivity to Disinfectants
Coronaviruses; are enveloped viruses, which means that they are sensitive to a wide range of disinfectants.
There is evidence for other coronaviruses of the potential for widespread contamination of patient rooms/environments, so effective cleaning and decontamination is vital.
Cleaning and decontamination should only be performed by staff trained in the use of the appropriate PPE and infection prevention and control procedures.
The advice from PHE is to follow cleaning with neutral detergent with a chlorine-based disinfectant, in the form of a solution at a minimum strength of 1,000ppm available chlorine.
The first patient isolation room should be cleaned at least once a day, and following aerosol-generating procedures or other potential contamination.
There should be more frequent cleaning of commonly used hand-touched surfaces and anteroom/lobby areas (at least twice per day).
Dedicated or disposable equipment must be used for environmental decontamination. Reusable equipment must be decontaminated after use with a chlorine-based disinfectant as described above.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) and proper infection prevention and control precautions are effective at minimising risk but can never eliminate it.
It Is essential before and after all patient contact, removal of protective clothing and decontamination of the environment.
Use soap and water to wash hands or an alcohol hand rub if hands are visibly clean.
Rings (other than a plain smooth band), wristwatches and wrist jewellery must not be worn by staff involved in patient care or cleaning and disinfection procedures.
The below products will give 1,000 ppm available chlorine:
Chlorine Based Disinfectant To achieve 1,000ppm
Chlor Tabs 1 tablet per 1 L water
Chlor Liquid 20ml per 1 L water
Cyclone 20ml per 1 L water
Cyclone Spray Ready to use formulation
If chlorine disinfectants are not suitable for application, Evans Safe Zone Plus, a ready to use virucidal disinfectant can be used.
Please be advised; if Evans Vanodine does not list a product you are using, it would not currently recommend it against Coronavirus (COVID-19).
Hand Hygiene Products
You will find Evans range of hand soaps available HERE.
Evans Handsan alcohol hand rub should be used if hands are clean.
Please see Panama's latest update regarding supply and demand for critical products HERE.
Disinfection of outside areas/vehicles
For disinfection of large scale outside areas or vehicles where products such as Bleach or QACs would not be appropriate FAM 30or GPC8 could be used. Appropriate risk assessments and PPE would be required.
These two products from the Evans livestock protection range - FAM 30 and GPC8 have been tested and demonstrate Virucidal activity (EN 14675) at a 1:100 dilution.
Both products have also shown efficacy against an animal coronavirus Porchine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) at 1:200. They are used to disinfect livestock housing, vehicles, and in foot/wheel baths to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
Please visit Evans Coronavirus Support Material page to find a selection of helpful guides and wallcharts.
You will find further guidance on the following government and world organisation websites: